Airbnb and Short-Term Rental Regulations in Montreal

There are a number of regulations one must comply with before starting to short-term rent their property, many of which are specific not only to each province but to each borough. The following article will look at the bylaws in the province of Quebec, and then more specific regulations relating to the city of Montreal. To get more information about short-term rental regulations in Montreal, you can also read Airbnb's article

Regulations in the province of Quebec

Before looking at the regulations regarding the city of Montreal, it is important to know the regulations regarding short-term renting in the province of Quebec. 

Should I get a certificate of classification to rent out my property short-term?

The certificate of classification gives you the authorization to operate an establishment as a short-term rental unit. There are three cases worth looking at which will decide whether or not you are required to get one:

A residence is defined by Tourisme Québec as being either a suite, an apartment, a house, a cottage, a site for camping, or a ready-to-camp.

A 'regular basis' is defined as:

To obtain a certificate of classification you must also:

What does the CITQ classifier look at?

Even if you are NOT required to hold a classification certificate, you must ensure:

Taxes

A tax on lodging must be collected every time a unit is rented out for more than 6 hours and is collected on a regular 24-hour basis. It is important to note that Airbnb automatically collects this tax and remits it to Revenu Québec. To learn more, click here.

Tax Laws in Quebec on Short-Term Renting

Other regulations

It is also important to understand and abide by other contracts or rules that bind you, such as leases, condo board or co-op rules, HOA rules, or rules established by tenant organizations. Please read your lease agreement and check with your landlord if applicable.

There are other guidelines that you may have to follow depending on the platform you are using to rent out your residence. In the case of Airbnb's guidelines in Canada regarding safety, respecting neighbours, and others, you may see them by clicking here and for more information about regulations in the province of Quebec, you can view them by clicking here

Penalties of up to C$ 50,000 can be given in the case of non-conformity to short-term rental regulations.

Montreal bylaws

It is important to note that short-term renting is still fairly new. Much of the regulations surrounding short-term renting is still being revised, which is why we still recommend you call your municipality and ask them about the possibility of doing short-term renting.

There are also zoning laws in certain municipalities in the province of Quebec that you must follow, in addition to having a classification certificate (depending on whether or not you are required to get one). In Montreal and each individual borough, these laws fall under the Master Plan, which looks at the city's planning and development vision, including land use and building density policies.

Lockboxes

Montreal now restricts the use of lockboxes on public property (i.e. parking meters, fences, bike racks, etc). In order to implement this new decision, the city has asked its blue-collar workers to cut these lockboxes when seen on public property. 

Restrictions in downtown Montreal

Your property must have a distance of at least 150m between each short-term rental unit. The areas where this law applies are shown in the image below.

Certain areas in downtown are not permitted to have a short-term rental property. The areas affected by this regulation can be seen in the image below.

Restrictions in the South-West area of Montreal 

In order to receive a classification certificate, your short-term rental unit must fall under the category of either a bed and breakfast or an apartment-hotel. For more information on this area, click here.

Restriction in the Plateau-Mont-Royal

This borough has recently passed bylaws which limit the possibility to rent short-term in specific zones. The zones allowed are on St- Laurent Blvd. between Sherbrooke St. and Mont-Royal Ave., and on St-Denis St. between Sherbrooke and Gilford Sts. In these areas, you must acquire a certificate of classification (unless you already have one). 

In the case that you are renting your primary residence, you do not need to get a certificate of classification. To view an interactive map of these zones, click here and select "Hébergement Touristique". If you held a permit before these bylaws passed, the new zones do not apply to you and you may continue to rent short-term with no issue. 

Restrictions in other boroughs

For other boroughs and to gain more information, visit Montreal's website and select the borough in which you would like to rent out your property and contact them directly. 

Luckey is committed to regularly informing its property owners of any and all changes relating to short-term rental regulations, to make their renting experience as simple and easy as possible. 

Our Airbnb property management service in Montreal

We recommend that you do your own research as this article isn’t comprehensive, and doesn’t constitute legal or tax advice. Also, as we don’t update this article in real time, please check each source and make sure that the information provided hasn’t recently changed.



Challenges of Managing a Short Term Rental

While managing a short-term rental is a great way to make additional income and to share your home with travellers...

How to Clean Your Airbnb?

Besides managing your Airbnb listing and communicating with guests, cleaning your Airbnb home is essential to ensure you...

How to delete my Airbnb listing?

Sold your house; decided not to rent your home at the last minute; created a duplicate listing, etc. There are many...